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Cancer & stem cells

Highlights

In the 19th century a new era began with the detection of the cellular origin of cancer; in due course, the nature of this lethal disease was better recognized and led to further achievements in cancer treatment in Iran.

Historically, various cancer treatments were popular in Iran. The four Persian medical books, “al-Havi”,”Qanun fi-Tibb”, “Makh-zan-o-al-advieh” and “Ekhtiyarat-e Badi’i” (written in 1368 C.E.) mentioned 201 herbal medicines, 47 drugs of animal origin, and 28 mineral medications to treat cancer and cancerous-like lesions.
After the establishment of Tehran University School of Medicine in 1934 academic investigations on various medical fields

and cancer began. Dr. Mostafa Habibi-Golpayegani (1904–1948) was a pioneer Professor of modern Pathology in Iran who published a paper on the diagnosis of breast cancer by the transillumination technique in 1943.

The late Dr. Mostafa Habibi-Golpayegani was first physician who suggested the foundation of a cancer institute in Iran in 1946.

Then, three years later in 1949, a contract was signed between the authorities of the former Red Lion and Sun Society (currently the Red Crescent Society) and Tehran University to establish a hospital for cancer patients.
Cancer

Cancer Treatment in Iran are equipped with radiation (linear accelerator and CT simulator), chemotherapy (outpatient and inpatient beds), palliative care services, and surgical (operation room and intensive care unit) facilities. In virtue of state-of-the-art technologies such as polymer-based Nano carriers for the targeted release of the anti-cancer drug curcumin, these centers can provide the most needed care and assistance to patients, one patient at a time on the road ahead to a cancer free world.

Depending on the type of cancer, the treatment of various cancers might be trying to eradicate or kill cancer cells started.

Bone Marrow Transplant, Adrenal Glands Cancer, Bile duct cancer, Biological Hormone Therapy,  Bladder Cancer, Bone Cancer, Brachytherapy – Internal Radiation Therapy, Brain Cancer,  Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Chemotherapy, Chest Cancer,  Colon Cancer, Conformal Radiation Therapy, Cranio Facial Surgery, Cyberknife for Cancer, Esophagus Cancer, High Intensity Focused Ultrasound HIFU, Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy, Kidney Cancer, Laryngeal Cancer, Leukemia, Liver Cancer,  Lung Cancer, Lymphoma, Jaw Cancer, Oesophagus Cancer, Oral Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, PET Scan, Prostate Cancer, Proton Therapy, Radiotherapy (Radiation), Rectal Resection, Salivary Glands Cancer, Skin Cancer, Stereotactic Radiotherapy, Stomach Cancer, Testicular Cancer, Thyroid Cancer, Tracheal Cancer, Uterine Cancer, Vaginal Cancer.

Stem Cell Therapy

Stem cells constitute a group of human body’s cells with the ability to develop into any tissue type. They are responsible to repair and renew different tissues and organs. It is accepted that stem cell therapy has the potential to treat several diseases. Applying stem cells in both ways (therapy and research) has been considered in during past years throughout the world.

In stem cell research area, many institutes, research centers, and departments in several universities are active in Iran . According to a joint study by Harvard university and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Iranian scientists are considered to be in the forefront of embryonic stem cell research. Iran stands after Sweden , Japan , the United States , Australia , Britain , India , South Korea , and Singapore in the world to produce, culture, and freeze ES cells.

Royan institute supports many basic and therapeutic researches such as ES differentiation into various cell types (cardiomyocytes, beta cells, and neural cells).The institute is responsible for holding an annual scientific congress regarding stem cell science by inviting many national and international speakers in Tehran.

 Stem cells therapy in Royan Institute

Royan Institute is a public non-governmental non-profitable organization established in 1991 by the late Dr. Saeid Kazemi Ashtiani as a research institute for Reproductive Biomedicine and infertility treatments. In 1998 this institute was approved by Ministry of Health as Cell Based Research Center. Now this institute acts as leader of Stem Cell research and also one of the best clinics for infertility treatment. It has 46 scientific members and 186 lab technicians. Royan consists of three research institutes, each focused on different fields of research:

  • Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology (RI-SCBT)
  • Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine (RI-RB)
  • Royan Institute for Biotechnology (RI-B)

Image result for stem cells institute in Iran

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