Iran’s urology level is ideal in the Middle East and west of Asia. The number of urologists has reached 1000 for the 70 million inhabitants of Iran. Seven sub specialties, or fellowships (Pediatric Urology, Renal Transplantation, Uro-oncology, Andrology, Endourology, Female Urology, Uro-laparoscopy), have been established and are currently functioning at more than 25 academic urology wards. These sub specialties are growing in quantity and quality very quickly as a result of the large number of patients being referred. These fellowship training programs (especially pediatric urology, endourology and urolaparoscopy) are seeking to accept international trainees for a fellowship or short course training program. The Iranian history of antique urology started approximately 14 centuries ago, when  the greatest prehistoric Persian physicians, Rhazes (854–925)and Avicenna (980–1037), started urological surgery.

Iran’s rank also has improved from 53, 47 and 38 to 14, 16 and 23 between 1996 and 2012 for the research areas of nephrology, transplantation and urology, respectively.

Urology is a science that deals with diseases, disorders, and treatment of urinary tract in men and women, as well as genital disorders, impotence and infertility in men. Using a team of qualified experts and advanced facilities, urology centers of Iranian hospitals are active in the following diagnostic and treatment fields:

  • Urologic oncology, with close cooperation of urology experts in the fields of kidney, bladder, prostate, and genitalia cancers
  • Ando-Urology and minimally invasive urology
  • Treatment of urinary tract stones with open technique, ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy), TUL (transurethral lithotripsy), and training patients how to prevent further urinary tract stones with diet and exercise
  • Prostatectomy (open surgery, TURP, and laser).
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Plastic and reconstructive surgery of congenital and acquired abnormalities of the urinary system, including the repair of urethra, peyronie's disease, and functional disorders of the bladder
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
  • Surgery of kidney and genital and urinary tract defects in women and kids
  • Diagnosis and treatment of the kidney and urinary tract tumors
  • Diagnosis and treatment of congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract
  • Diagnosis and treatment of kidney and urinary tract diseases in women
  • Bladder strips and urodynamic tests